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37 Common Characteristics

 

In General

  • Appears bright, highly intelligent and articulate. However, they are unable to read, write or spell at grade level.
  • Labelled lazy, dumb, careless, immature, “not trying hard enough”, or “behavior problem”.
  • Isn’t “behind enough” or “bad enough” to be helped in the school setting.
  • High in IQ, yet may not test well academically; tests well orally, but not written.
  • Talented in art, drama, music, sports, mechanics, story-telling, sales, business, designing, building or engineering.
  • Seem to “zone out” or daydream often, gets lost easily or loses track of time.
  • Learns best through hands-on experience, demonstrations, experimentation, observation, and visual aids.

 

Vision, Reading and Spelling

  • Complains of dizziness, headaches, or stomach aches while reading.
  • Is confused by letters, numbers, words, sequences, or verbal explanations.
  • Reading or writing shows repetitions, additions, transpositions, omissions, substitutions and reversals in letters, numbers and/or words
  • Complains of feeling or seeing non-existent movement while reading, writing or copying.
  • Seems to have difficulty with vision, yet eye exams don’t reveal a problem.
  • Extremely keen sighted and observant, or lacks depth perception and peripheral vision.
  • Reads and re-reads with little comprehension.
  • Spells phonetically and inconsistently
 

Hearing and Speech

  • Trouble with writing or copying; pencil grip is unusual; handwriting varies or is illegible.
  • Clumsy, uncoordinated, poor at ball or team sports; difficulties with fine and /or gross motor skills and tasks; prone to motion-sickness.
  • Can be ambidextrous, and often confuses left/right, over/under.
 

Math and Time Management

  • Has difficulty telling time, managing time, learning sequenced information or tasks, or being on time.
  • Computing math shows dependence on finger counting and other tricks; knows answers, but can’t do it on paper.
  • Can count, but has difficulty counting objects and dealing with money.
  • Can do arithmetic, but fails word problems, cannot grasp algebra or higher math.
 

Memory and Cognition

  • Excellent long-term memory for experiences, locations and faces.
  • Poor memory for sequences, facts, and information that has not been experienced.
  • Thinks primarily with images and feelings, not sounds or words (little internal dialogue).
 

Behavior, Health, Development and Personality

  • Extremely disorderly or compulsively orderly.
  • Can be a class clown, trouble-maker, or too quiet.
  • Had unusually early or late developmental stages (talking, crawling, walking, tying shoelaces).
  • Prone to ear infections, sensitive to foods, additives and chemical products.
  • Can be an extra deep or light sleeper; bedwetting beyond appropriate age.
  • Unusually high or low tolerance for pain.
  • Strong sense of justice; emotionally sensitive; strives for perfection.
  • Mistakes and symptoms increase dramatically with confusion, time pressure, emotional stress, or poor health
 
Adapted from “37 Common Characteristics of Dyslexia”. © 1992 by Ronald D. Davis. Used with Permission.

 

 

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Professional services described as Davis™, including Davis Dyslexia Correction®, Davis™ Symbol Mastery, Davis™ Orientation Counseling,  Davis™ Attention Mastery,  Davis™ Math Mastery, and Davis™ Reading Program for Young Learners  may only be provided by persons who are trained and licensed as Davis Facilitators or Specialists by Davis Dyslexia Association International.